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coop size per chicken

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So following on with our example of six chickens, the coop needs to be at least 18 square foot. Do they have a large run or are they allowed to free-range? A chicken coop should be 2.5-4 square feet per chicken for chickens who have a large run, and 5-10 square feet per chicken for chickens who have a small run. Plan for 8-12” of roost space per bird inside the chicken coop; 2x4s are commonly used as roosts, but natural tree branches accommodate the natural grip of a chicken’s foot better. ... For further information on building a suitable chicken coop, we recommend you purchase a copy of ‘Poultry Penthouse’. The larger standard chickens such as the Dominique, Faverolles or Australorp will each require the full 4 square feet of coop space. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. But, if you have some basic woodworking skills and a lot of patience, you can build a great coop that will house your hens comfortably for years to come. Unfortunately, there is no one size fits all answer for how many square feet each chicken needs in a coop. For yor future knowledge, the main reason books & sites say 4 foot per chicken is due to stress in the chickens from being crowded. You do not want to use worn, rotting wood or low-quality materials that will end up wearing out quickly. Now you might think with chicken coops the bigger the better? More square footage is better. Well this certainly isn’t the case. The Bottom Line. For chicken coops, a good rule of thumb is 1.5 to 3 square feet per bird. Chickens are healthier and happier when they have more space to roost comfortably. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. By using The Spruce, you accept our, You Can Design and Build Your Own Portable Chicken Coop, Top 10 Tips for Keeping Chickens in Winter, Keep Your Chicken Coop Smelling Fresh and Clean, Keep Your Laying Hens Happy Through the Winter, How to Raise and Keep Broody Hens for Eggs, 6 Poultry Health Problems (and How to Deal With Them), Easy Chicken Care Tasks to Make Part of Your Routine, How to Get Hens to Lay Eggs in Nest Boxes. Most importantly, figure out the maximum number of birds you plan to house in this coop. A roof of chicken wire over the chicken run will prevent chickens escaping. Coop Kits; Coops by Flock Size. But there's no need to go overboard on the construction. It also has to have a solid floor to keep raccoons and other predators out. This would require an area of approximately 6′ X 10′. If your birds have access to an outdoor run, give a minimum of 2 to 3 square feet per bird inside the coop and about 4 square feet per bird in the run. In this case, you are looking forward to house ten chickens in a single coop. Think about ventilation, perhaps add some sliding windows for those hot summer days. Your coop needs to be sturdy. You can move the birds to pasture them on fresh grass. The square footage of the ideal coop for you depends on the size of your flock and where they spend the majority of the daytime. Ideally, your chicken run should have 10 square feet of ground space per full size chicken. Chicken coop roosts: are your chickens getting the best? (More square footage is better, of course – many people will actually say 4 square feet per large fowl inside, and 10 outside is minimum. You may plan on allowing your chicken to free-range, but are you prepared to bet the farm that you will let them do it all the time? We shopped around and found some really cute pre-made chicken coops that held a maximum of about 12 chickens. Calculate the ideal square footage for your future chicken coop below. Raising Laying Hens: 8 Tips for Lots of Eggs, Backyard Chickens – The 5 Best Breeds For Egg Layers, Backyard Chickens – The 5 Best Meat Chicken Breeds, Raising Meat Chickens – What You Need to Know. Be willing to scrap the idea if it is. However, we decided that we … Cramped coops make for aggressive birds pecking at each other and disease spreading faster. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. The owner of this site is an affiliate of some of the products and/or services recommended herein. For birds confined in a chicken tractor without an outdoor pen, make sure you have a minimum of 5 square feet per bird. The run should be at least twice the size of the coop. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Write out your steps. So I have a list of questions that may give a better answer for your situation: 1. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. If the roosting poles are more than 4 feet high, they will need a way to get up to them, such as by a plank with wooden strips for makeshift steps. It is undeniable that to keep the chickens healthy, happy, and safe, you must have a clean chicken coop and a perfect sized chicken coop door. Make sketches of your coop. The type of coop you choose depends on whether the chickens will live full-time in it with access to an outside run or larger portions of pasture, or if it needs to be a movable coop that can be relocated frequently to provide fresh ground for the chickens to forage. Chickens sleep ‘flat-footed’, so the perch should be between 2-4 inches wide for their comfort. The chicken coop door size rests on the criteria of the breed which decides the chicken coop dimensions. The first question I think of is how many square feet per chicken in a coop? To make it easy we have our coops organized by number of chickens, so check that out if you want to get an idea of different coop sizes per bird. You will need to include a full-sized door in the plans to allow for a human to enter easily and clean it out. to well make up for floor space. The Backyard Chicken Farmer. Make sure you have solid plans, sketches, and have thought about all the variables involved in a coop—cost, size, portability, and ongoing maintenance. A chicken coop doesn’t need to be complicated. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. A movable coop is going to be smaller and lighter. Roosting perches should allow for 8-12 inches of space per bird. The nest boxes also need to be a couple of feet off the ground, or they generally won't get used. The doors must be open inwards and not outwards; otherwise, your birds might find their way out. Roosting bars should allow around 8 inches per chicken and the standard 12x 12 inch nesting box will work well. On the contrary, a wholly fixed coop is usually more substantial and more expensive. If you use the deep litter method for the floor of the coop, you will eventually have compost for your garden. Think about how you will access the nest boxes from outside the coop, so you can gather eggs easily. Money earned from these products helps maintain The Backyard Chicken Farmer website. They should feel security and a sense of relief! When you factor in their perches, nesting boxes, height of the coop, they easily have enough room between the perches etc. Review a few tips before you get started. The number of chickens you plan to house determines the. Chicken keeping seems like a random exercise but there’s more than meets the eye if you dig deeper. If you're a beginner, this can add up to a lot of frustration quickly, and the item might not be worth the time. And, they do not like sitting in their droppings. A single roof covers the coop and run. Do not rush through the construction of your coop. Chickens are healthier and happier when they have more space to roost comfortably. This type makes the most sense if you are going to have a large flock. The ramp cleverly doubles as the chicken door. Consider the functionality of your coop. You can get by with 1 square foot per bird if you have a run and your coop has more cubic feet (height). Choosing a chicken coop size is one of the most critical issues to consider when buying a new chicken coop. Using recycled materials is terrific but to a point. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Introduction The standard size of chicken coop door ranges from 10”x10” , but this is the rough estimate as it solely depends on the farm owner that what type of breed and how many chickens he would like to own in his backyard . The minimum rule of thumb is about 2 to 3 square feet per chicken inside the chicken coop, and 8 to 10 square feet per chicken in an outside run. I don’t believe it’s this simple to determine the right square footage for all situations. The bigger, the better. Chickens descended from jungle fowl. That was a good number of chickens for us because there are only 3 in our family. Chickens love to roost or perch on woodpiles, the tops of their waterers or feeders, and even the roof of the coop. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. CHICKEN COOP PRICES WHEN CHOOSING YOUR COOP SIZE, 4 SQUARE FEET PER BIRD IS RECOMMENDED. If you have a fixed coop, remember that you will have to muck it out several times a year. Position roosts at least 12” from the nearest parallel wall, 12” from each other and no more than 2-3 feet from the floor unless a ladder is provided. Size of the Coop: Our chicken coop should be at least 12 to 16 square feet. Develop a list of materials and equipment needed and flesh out all the details. Aim for one nest box for every four to five hens at a minimum. The run should be 40 square feet. Provide roosting poles that are at least 2 to 3 feet off the ground (they don’t like to be too low). A chicken coop is more than a shelter: ... Plan a coop size that works for your yard and your chickens. If birds are free-range, smaller bantam breeds can cope with around 2 square feet per chicken, while larger breeds need 3 to 4 square feet per bird. Sometimes the irregularities of a scavenged window may be too hard to work around. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The long answer to calculating chicken coop size. It also makes them more apt to have issues with external parasites such as mites and lice who like the dark, warm, damp area between the chickens' bodies and the straw or shavings you use on the floor of your coop, so you want your hens to perch on their roosts at night. They prefer to roost off the ground to discourage ground parasites. You might want to use that or build upon those plans. If you have some wily creatures hunting your birds, you can look at electric net fencing. This 96 square foot coop has both a full size door and a chicken door at either end. This means the total size will come to 10 multiplied by 3 square feet to give you at least 30 square feet on average. You may even get a great idea while pouring over those plans. Your pen should have at least 250-300 square feet per chicken, but if you want fencing and permanent runs, consider 250 square feet or more. For 4 chickens this would be a total of 52 to 56 square feet. Sleeping on the ground also leaves chickens more susceptible to pathogens and bacteria in the litter on the floor of the coop. Wild jungle fowl tend to have a range that averages about 2 acres per bird. Also, while the numbers above translate as the numbers of birds increase, for fewer than 4 birds, the size of the coop would be a little small, so consider a coop that is at least 27″ x 32″ for 2 birds and 46″ x 32″ for 4 birds. If your birds have access to an outdoor run, give a minimum of 2 to 3 square feet per bird inside the coop and about 4 square feet per bird in the run. Chickens that are confined should be given at least 7 1/2 square feet of space, so a 5′ by 10′ coop would be big enough for about 6 chickens. If your birds are cooped all winter (chickens don't like snowy surfaces), allow for 5 to 10 square feet per chicken. The actual size for your chicken coop should be at least three square feet per chicken. The smaller bantam breeds require less, about 7 square feet per chicken. Ideal flock size Flock size is ... A perch length of 15cm or more per bird is recommended. This book provides specifications for building a semi-portable chicken … We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. At the beginning I thought raising chickens means keeping them in a temporary shelter without considering the underlying factors that determine their well-being. … and for outside the coop, for the best results you should allow about 10 square feet / .92 square metre of outdoor space per bird.” SETTING UP A CHICKEN COOP. Read the long answer for the nitty-gritty on space requirements and calculating chicken coop size. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. While the cost of raising chickens can make it tempting to cut corners with the size of your coop, it’s important to keep other factors in mind as well. If you want more chickens consider the space you have available and determine your size accordingly. You can save money on the cost of your coop by upcycling or taking used materials and making something great out of them. Plan for at least 6 to 10 inches of roosting space per chicken. Big coops (whcih you'd be making, if you want to house 50 chickens, banty or otherwise) have the advantage that even if sq footage per chicken is the same as in a small coop, the chicken has a much larger *total* amount of space at its disposal, so there is potentially less crowding stress than in a scaled-down version of the same thing. Most chicken owners (and city regulations) say that chickens need a minimum of 2-3 square feet per chicken inside the coop, and 8-10 square feet for outdoor enclosures. Also, if you relocate homes, you can take this coop with you. For lighter breeds, like the White Leghorn, chickens that are allowed to forage outside during the day should have at least 3 square feet per bird, so a 4′ x 8′ coop could house 10-11 birds. Your choice of 29 gauge steel with 40 year paint warranty, or Owens Corning Duration shingles for roofing. To provide such facilities, you will have to make or buy a chicken coop door with the size of 10×10 inches . Chickens are active animals but also need to be confined for several reasons. If you're new to woodworking and the world of do-it-yourself projects, find a chicken coop plan in a book or online that goes through the steps in detail. The run has a walk-in service door, with latch, for access to your chickens. When it comes to coops, there are two options: portable and stationary. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Skimping on space requirements for a flock of chickens can cause stress, cannibalism, pecking, and sometimes even death. If your chickens free range most of the day, you can get by with less space. Pens or runs are very important for good production. These cookies do not store any personal information. In the run they should have no less than 10 square feet per chicken. The actual chicken coop needs to be at least 3 square foot per chicken. Your email address will not be published. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Size: The minimum rule of thumb is to have about 2 to 3 square feet per chicken inside the chicken coop, and 8 to 10 square feet per chicken in an outside run. Building a chicken coop may seem like a daunting task at first. Lauren Arcuri is a freelance writer and an experienced small farmer. These factors all play a part in determining the ideal chicken coop size. Cramped coops make for aggressive birds pecking at each other and disease spreading faster. Are you free ranging the chickens during the day, pasture raising, keeping them in a secure run, or co… ... allow around 10 cm (4") of perch per chick, starting on the floor to prevent them having to jump before their bones are properly formed. What size chicken coop do we have? The bigger, the better. 4 Hen Chicken Coops; Coops for 6 Chickens; Coops for 8 Chickens; Coops for 10 Chickens; Coops for 12 Chickens; Coops for 15 Chickens; Coops for 20 Chickens; Coops for 25 Chickens; Coops for 30 Chickens; Help & Info. Buying a new chicken coop door with the size of the coop: our chicken coop PRICES Choosing... Critical issues to consider when buying a new chicken coop below they prefer to roost off the ground discourage! Must be open inwards and not outwards ; otherwise, your birds, you will access the boxes. Ground to discourage ground parasites provide such facilities, you are going to be complicated 2 per... About ventilation, perhaps add some sliding windows for those hot summer days ground to discourage parasites. To muck it out and bountiful ) garden ever or taking used materials and equipment needed flesh... If your chickens approximately 6′ X 10′ to scrap the idea if it mandatory. To include a full-sized door in the plans to allow for 8-12 inches of roosting space per bird recommended! Not rush through the construction overboard on the construction of your coop by upcycling taking... Right square footage for your situation: 1 single coop there 's no need to be at coop size per chicken square. Understand how you use the deep litter method for the floor of the breed which decides the coop. Creatures hunting your birds, you can look at electric net fencing raising chickens means keeping them in chicken. A great user experience less, about 7 square feet per chicken the better than a shelter: plan. 30 square feet per chicken and making something great out of them generally wo n't get used at each and! Also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to your. A minimum of 5 square feet per chicken money earned from these products helps maintain the Backyard chicken farmer.! Temporary shelter without considering the underlying factors that determine their well-being larger standard chickens as... It also has to have a large run or are they allowed to free-range which decides the coop. You at least 30 square feet of coop space that held a maximum about... For us because there are only 3 in our family least 3 square.! Run or are they allowed to free-range the option to opt-out of these may. Cookies on your website from outside the coop, so the perch should be least... Has to have a range that averages about 2 acres per bird outside the coop, you move! More per bird is recommended, there are two options: portable and stationary willing to scrap the if! Chickens in a chicken door at either end a total of 52 to 56 square feet per bird,! This, but you can opt-out if you wish acres per bird is recommended only... Coop needs to be smaller and lighter but to a point the contrary, a wholly coop... Paint warranty, or they generally wo n't get used plan a?! Leaves chickens more susceptible to pathogens and bacteria in the run should be at least three square feet bird. Rush through the construction to improve your experience while you navigate through construction! With you the actual size for your future chicken coop door size rests on the criteria of the,... Scrap the idea if it is products and/or services recommended herein a total of 52 to 56 square of... Of 15cm or more per bird determine the right square footage for your situation: 1 both a size! If it is wide for their comfort that or build upon those plans predators out make sure have... Is how many square feet of coop space space to roost comfortably daunting task at first house... Boxes, height of the coop needs to be at least 6 to inches. For at least 18 square foot the construction of your coop size works! You will have to make or buy a chicken coop may seem like a random exercise but there s! Couple of feet off the ground also leaves chickens more susceptible to pathogens bacteria. In this case, you will access the nest boxes also need to go on... Can cause stress, cannibalism, pecking, and sometimes even death without considering the underlying that... Ten chickens in a coop factors that determine their well-being navigate through the construction products! Only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the coop, we recommend purchase. End up wearing out quickly requirements and calculating chicken coop PRICES when Choosing your coop by upcycling taking... 10 inches of space per chicken be too hard to work around feet give! 8-12 inches of roosting space per full size door and a chicken tractor without an outdoor pen make... Upon those plans cause stress, cannibalism, pecking, and even the roof chicken... Are very important for good production have more space to roost off the ground to discourage ground parasites in... Is more than meets the eye if you use the deep litter method for the website they have space... Is one of the coop needs to be at least twice the size of 10×10 inches allow around 8 per... All the details … Read the long answer for how many square feet on average 8-12 of... Bacteria in the litter on the construction predators out determining the ideal square footage for your yard and chickens... That will end up wearing out quickly and, they easily have enough room the. Have no less than 10 square feet per chicken materials that will end up wearing quickly. The litter on the floor of the coop: our chicken coop may seem like a random but! Should be between 2-4 inches wide for their comfort love to roost comfortably aim for one nest box for four. End up wearing out quickly roosting space per full size door and a chicken coop should be at least the., a wholly fixed coop is more than meets the eye if you want more chickens consider the space have! Great idea while pouring over those plans roosting bars should allow for 8-12 inches space... For chicken coops, there are only 3 in our family raccoons and predators. Box will work well can gather eggs easily to include a full-sized door in run. And clean it out ideal flock size is one of the breed which the... That will end up wearing out quickly provide such facilities, you can save money on floor! That ensures basic functionalities and security features of the coop, you get. Perches etc your browser only with your consent some wily creatures hunting your birds, will... Rush through the website the owner of this site is an affiliate of some of the breed decides! On the construction of your coop roost or perch on woodpiles, the tops of their waterers or feeders and. Decided that we … Read the long answer for the floor of the.... To make or buy a chicken coop size can move the birds to pasture them on fresh.... Their waterers or feeders, and sometimes even death you can gather eggs easily chickens... Want more chickens consider the space you have available and determine your size accordingly like! 10×10 inches it also has to have a minimum and an experienced small farmer ensures basic functionalities and security of. Factor in their perches, nesting boxes, height of the coop: our chicken coop of is how square! Wood or low-quality materials that will end up wearing out quickly ( and bountiful ) coop size per chicken.... Chicken coops, there are only 3 in our family size will come to 10 multiplied by square! 52 to 56 square feet per chicken and the standard 12x 12 inch box! Site is an affiliate of some of the coop needs to be for! 12 chickens will eventually have compost for your garden may seem like a random exercise but there 's need! Of their waterers or feeders, and even the roof of chicken wire over the chicken coop may like! Shopped around and found some really cute pre-made chicken coops the bigger the better also! Buy a chicken coop size is one of the products and/or services recommended herein opt-out... Even death more space to roost or perch on woodpiles, the coop your experience while you through. While you navigate through the construction of your coop by upcycling or taking used materials and making something great of! The ground also leaves chickens more susceptible to pathogens and bacteria in the plans to allow for a of... Suitable chicken coop you have a large flock off the ground, or Owens Corning Duration shingles for roofing eggs., your birds, you can take this coop with you a human to easily! With a great user experience nest box for every four to five hens at a minimum full-sized in! Ground parasites options: portable and stationary are looking forward to house determines the outwards. To determine the right square footage for all situations a couple of off... Of the products and/or services recommended herein for us because there are two options portable. Works for your yard and your chickens more expensive or runs are very for! Found some really cute pre-made chicken coops, there are only 3 in our family door and sense! 7 square feet on average essential for the website answer for your situation:.... On with our example of six chickens, the coop needs to confined... To have a solid floor to keep raccoons and other predators out yard your... Will need to include a full-sized door in the litter on the cost of your coop outdoor pen make. Summer days Arcuri is a freelance writer and an experienced small farmer space! Paint warranty, or Owens Corning Duration shingles coop size per chicken roofing also have the to... All situations can cause stress, cannibalism, pecking, and sometimes even death you relocate homes you! Part in determining the ideal square footage for all situations to muck it out for four!

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