us political stability 2020Muses
Beginning soon after his inauguration in 2017, the president issued a series of three executive orders barring travel from a group of Muslim-majority countries on security grounds, twice revising the original order in response to lawsuits claiming that the bans were blatantly discriminatory. Anticorruption watchdogs criticized President Trump for shifting management of his real-estate development empire to his children rather than divesting ownership or establishing a stronger structural barrier between himself and his businesses. Attorney General William Barr subsequently launched a separate investigation into the propriety of the initial inquiries that evolved into the Mueller probe. Women are also most often affected by sexual harassment and assault in the workplace. Inequality remained a major problem in 2019 even as the national unemployment rate remained below 4 percent for a second consecutive year, its lowest level in decades. That left 27 states with such âright-to-workâ legislation in place. The second biggest risk for 2020 is one that has been in the headlines throughout the past year, according to Eurasia: The decision by China to reduce its technological dependence on the U.S. following Mr. Trump's trade war with the country. Major protests during 2019 included marches on climate change, womenâs rights, immigration policies, and gun laws, as well as a series of mass demonstrations in July that forced the resignation of Puerto Ricoâs governor following the revelation of his offensive text messages. The applicable laws vary somewhat by state, though spousal rape is a crime nationwide. The moves have in many cases been hasty, uncoordinated, and underfunded, leading to implementation problems as well as conflicts with existing laws, constitutional protections, and international human rights standards. Several inspector general posts across government remained vacant during 2019, though the offices continued to function under acting leaders. Additional federal funding for voting-system upgrades was allocated in 2019, and some social media firms announced new limits on political advertising, but many analysts argued that election security provisions remained inadequate ahead of the 2020 elections. In 2017, the Senate confirmed Trumpâs nominee for the position, Neil Gorsuch, but only after the Republican leadership changed Senate rules that had required a supermajority to end debate on Supreme Court nominations, allowing the confirmation to proceed with a simple-majority vote. He has maintained a drumbeat of attacks on individual journalists and established outlets, describing them asâamong other thingsââfake newsâ and the âenemy of the American people.â Trump allies have allegedly sought to collect and release embarrassing personal information about critical journalists, and certain reporters or outlets have been excluded from specific government or Trump campaign events. "Meaningful [France-style] social discontent becomes more likely in that environment, as does domestic, politically inspired violence," Eurasia Group wrote in an analysis issued on Monday. The redistricting system varies by state, but in most cases it is overseen by elected officials, and observers have expressed alarm at the growing strategic and technical sophistication of partisan efforts to control redistricting processes and redraw maps. The good thing about a democracy is the ability of business developers to work in an inclusive environment, where people consider the ideas and needs of other people. Is there freedom for nongovernmental organizations, particularly those that are engaged in human rightsâ and governance-related work? In most cases, all of the electors in a particular state cast their ballots for the candidate who won the statewide popular vote, regardless of the margin. In an unusual development following the 2018 midterms, outgoing Republican-led legislatures in Michigan and Wisconsin attempted to strip powers from executive offices that had just been captured by Democrats. Presidential elections are decided by an Electoral College, with electors apportioned to each state based on the size of its congressional representation. Rape and domestic or intimate-partner violence remain serious problems. Hate crimes based on religion are generally prosecuted vigorously by law enforcement authorities. Do laws, policies, and practices guarantee equal treatment of various segments of the population? The phenomenon has led to the sudden downfall of many powerful men in the worlds of politics, business, news, and entertainment, while underscoring the scale of the problem in American society. Critics have argued that the Electoral College system for presidential elections is undemocratic, as it violates the principle that each citizenâs vote should carry equal weight. Washington, DC 20036. The US Supreme Court has effectively ruled out the death penalty for crimes other than murder and in cases where the perpetrator is a juvenile or mentally disabled, among other restrictions. Kavanaugh denied that and subsequent allegations, and angrily denounced the campaign against him as a âpolitical hitâ orchestrated by âleft-wing opposition groups.â. However, the criminal justice system suffers from a number of chronic weaknesses, many of which are tied to racial discrimination and contribute to disparities in outcomes that disadvantage black and Hispanic people. The United States is a federal constitutional republic, in which the president (the head of state and head of government), Congress, and judiciary share powers reserved to the national government, and the federal government shares sovereignty with the state governments.. The United States of America is one of the oldest democracies. Numerous government and nongovernmental programs are designed to combat such violence and assist victims. An array of policies and programs are designed to protect the rights of individuals against discrimination based on race, ethnicity, gender, and other categories, including in the workplace. Market data provided by ICE Data Services. The borders of House districts, which must remain roughly equal in population, are redrawn regularlyâtypically after each decennial census. In recent years, a growing number of states have passed laws to eliminate exemptions that allow marriages of people under age 18 in certain circumstances. A growing number of law enforcement and other government agencies are monitoring public social media content, with targets including applicants for US visas and participants in peaceful protests. In December, the opposition-controlled House of Representatives approved articles of impeachment against President Trump, accusing him of abusing his office by attempting to extort a personal political favor from the Ukrainian government, and of obstructing Congress by ordering the executive branch not to cooperate with the Houseâs impeachment inquiry. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 prohibits racially discriminatory voting rules, and racial gerrymandering is subject to reversal by federal courts, but it remains a problem in practice, in large part because partisan gerrymandering efforts tend to identify black and other minority voters as likely supporters of the Democratic Party. Small donations made up an increasingly important share of candidatesâ fundraising, but a few extremely wealthy contributors played an outsized role in overall spending, with the top 10 individual donors accounting for more than $400 million. The courts have regularly demonstrated their autonomy during the Trump presidency by blocking or limiting executive actions. A number of privately supported projects have also been established in recent years to address deficiencies in the electoral and criminal justice systems. 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