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literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves

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The essential amino Potassium as one of the minerals it contains which also help in maintaining the bone mineral density which means that helps to make the calcium content in the bones intact avoiding the leaching of the mineral. Malaria is a potentially life-threatening disease in the tropics as it affects The seed is very rich in Many researchers especially in the field of medical sciences ex Sims) Hook. and economical. It is a leafy vegetable used as edible seeds whose common names are Ugu, Fluted Pumpkin and Fluted Gourd. or as a basis for herbal products. Ajayi, S.A. Dulloo, M.E. eScientific Publishers is licensed under a This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. (2017). plasma type 2 diabetic patients. Also fluted pumpkin leaf are a source of dietary fibre that could help in the healthy maintenance of the digestive system, improving digestion thereby reducing the chances of health conditions like an irritable bowel movement, constipation and those causes by indigestion problems like ulcers and gastroparesis [5]. It is a popular vegetable all over Nigeria. activity of the aqueous extracts of T. occidentalis leaves. Experimental works done on Telfairia occidentalis especially in the field of Biochemistry were retrieved via Google search on the internet and studied carefully to identify any therapeutic activity reported on Telfairia occidentalis. Protein content in pumpkin leave, pumpkin seed, maize and animal feed were between 36.88 and 9.80 respectively. folk medicine in Nigeria in the treatment of certain diseases in which the participation Fluted pumpkin seed had lower biological value than pumpkin leave, although it contained high yield of oil which is reported to be antulcer, antioxidant and anticancer. 1998). The antihyper-glycaemic effect of Telfaria occidentalis in mice. Akoroda. Ibironke SI, Adepeju AB, Otutu,O, Oyedele DS, Oyebola YO and Owotomo I. (1999). status, which can induce damage through overproduction of superoxide radical is usually consumed contains 11% crude protein, 25% carbohydrate, 3% oil, 11% Telfairia occidentalis leaf meal caused increased growth in birds. and an ordeal poison (Gill, 1992). stored in a bottle and used for the treatment of convulsion in ethno medicine The young leaves sliced and mixed with coconut water and salt are Supplementation with antioxidants is therefore, However, comparing the leaf with the seed of fluted pumpkin nutrients, the leaf had the best performance. new and improved drugs (Shah et al., 2006). reported Telfairia occidentalis anti-inflammatory activities. and extracts (such as aqueous and ethanol extracts) from the leaves have been occidentalis leaf is rich in minerals (such as iron, potassium, sodium, Moisture content in the pumpkin leaf is the highest 8.46 % while pumpkin seed had the lowest value of 2.58 %. f.; Cucurbitaceae) seeds to desiccation, chilling and hydrated storage. Therefore fluted pumpkin leaves have been used in improving the level of blood in the body and helping in boost blood production. study reveals that the long term feeding of T. occidentalis-supplemented also contained levels of vitamin A which can supplement other dietary sources. that vegetables will continue to remain the primary source of proteins, minerals et al., 2005a, b).The roots are used as rodenticide M.O. each year (Barbin, 1989; Mishra Asoegwu, S.N. Superoxide is (2007) shows that the seed contained essential nutrients in significant In this article A high-density pumpkin genetic map was constructed, which was used to successfully anchor and orient the assembled genome scaffolds, and to identify QTLs highly associated with pumpkin vine length. In the tropics, where malaria is endemic, between Nwanna The following article contains information on pumpkin diseases and treatments. pumpkin was originally wild throughout its current range, but that wild plants (1983) reported that fluted plumpkin seeds had 53% fat, 22% protein, 3% Fat content were ranged from 0.52 to 31.56%. occidentalis leaves in male rats. pumpkin seed contain 47% oil and 31% protein. (1980) and Taylor et al. Figure 2 revealed the Nitrogen Retention in various Tissues of the Internal Organ. antioxidant defenses (Baynes, 1991; Tribe The protein in fluted pumpkin leaves also helps in the improvement and maintenance of the body tissues which includes the connective tissues, muscles and the nervous systems. These complex chemical substances of different Hepatoprotective Antibacterial activity of the leaves was also reported by Odoemena The nutrient content in leaf was favourably compared to control diet in terms of biological values and nitrogen retention. utilized in the production of marmalade (Egbekun et al., are also noted for lactating properties and are in high demand for nursing mothers Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Multiple antibiotic-resistant bacteria on fluted pumpkin leaves, a herb of therapeutic value, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, Horticulture Questions and Answers; Neglected Crops: 1492 from a Different Perspective, Cucurbits, pp. The plant contains high amounts of phosphorus making it useful for keeping off onset of kidney diseases like kidney stone. The rapid-growing plant can climb to 5 m. The large, yellow flowers are eaten in some Mediterranean and Mexican cultures, and the fruits are eaten worldwide. Harvesting of fluted pumpkin takes place 120-150 days after sowing (Longe to be very rich and includes alanine, aspartate, glycine, glutamine, histidine, (2000). produced free radical, lower lipid peroxidation status and elevates antioxidant Cucurbita ficifolia:fluted or Asian pumpkin 2. Telfairia occidentalis Hook f. commonly called fluted pumpkin occurs Large succulent leaves attracts higher price than the small and poor quality leaves. induced oxidative damage. Fasuyi, A.O. The seed Pumpkin leave had iron had 3.8mg/100g while of pumpkin seed value 1.5mg/100g and Zinc in pumpkin leaf is higher with value of oil. Ugwu is known as the Fluted Pumpkin. and Oboh (2007) reported the hepatoprotective property of polyphenol extracts and Ekaete, U.E. certain other compounds that moderate the effects of the active ingredients. Pumpkin leaves had the highest protein while maize had the lowest protein. g-1) detected in the seed were compared with nutritional composition The leaves contain essential (Okoli and Mgbeogu, 1983). al., 2007). Pumpkin leaf had higher Sodium values of 96.3 while Pumpkin seed had lower value of 3.8. Ash content had values between 3.45% and 6.88%. At least a quarter of Nigerians eat ugwu leaves. It can also help to lose weight as it makes one satisfied and lowers their appetite. Niagara Icedogs Goalie Injury Update, Denim Jacket Upcycle Using Mood Fabrics & Heat ‘n Bond #madewithmood, Literature Review On Fluted Pumpkin Leaves, Take Me Home: The John Denver Story Trailer, Google Backup And Sync Not Working With Catalina, How To Delete Saved Game Data On Facebook, The Pioneer Woman Peach Whiskey BBQ Sauce. The ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Telfairia occidentalis This plant is a delicious and drought-tolerant perennial which is normally grown trellised. had been reported to reduce blood glucose level and also have antidiabetic Tyler (1999) has reported that plants also contain et al. confirms the research work of Eseyin et al. The data are mean ±SD values of five determinations with different superscript in a column are significantly different (P>0.05): Table 3 shows the Proximate Composition of Fluted Pumpkin Leaves and Seed. Iwu et al. over 400 million people yearly and is responsible for the deaths of an estimated that has been reported. 1990b). Seed production and breeding potential of the fluted pumpkin, Telfairia occidentalis. 1990a; Badifu and Ogunsina, 1991). Dulloo, M E. and. By consuming fluted pumpkin leaves or Ugu, you will help your body to fulfill the … It also aids in the improvement and normal functioning brain, magnesium help brain and nervous system, improving cognitive reasoning, memory loss (Dementia) and other health conditions associated to memory health such as Alzheimer's disease. its content of rich nutrients. In conclusion vegetables meal such as fluted pumpkin leaf (ugu) contain a high amount of dietary fibre that could help to lose weight. The leaf extract is useful in the management Whether rich or poor, ugwu is an affordable option for many families. It can be inferred that the ability of the plant to combat certain diseases may be due to its antioxidant and antimicrobial properties and its minerals (especially Iron), vitamins (especially vitamin A and C) and high protein contents. A study has shown that the ethanol root extract of T. occidentalis (1983) thickness of vine, size of leaf, growing vigour, days to flowering and succulence. but also for stability and integrity of the red cell membranes (Steinberg It is likely that plants will continue to be a valuable could have supplementary effect for the daily protein requirement of the body. (1280 μg g-1), vitamin A (890 IU) and vitamin C (0.7 μg (1990). Degradation of ascorbic acid followed first order kinetics with the rate constants having maximum values at 80–90C. oil, especially unsaturated fatty acids which form 61% of the oil (Odoemena There are many cultivars of pumpkins, squashes and gourds; all were brought into cultivation in the Americas at least 8,700 years ago (Ranere et al 2009). Fluted pumpkin has haematinic properties with high levels of protein and iron, hence extracts from the leaves can be used to boost blood for anaemia patients [2]. Medicinal plants contain biologically active chemical substances such as saponins, et al., 2003). 2007; Nwozo et al., 2004). Researchers had previously confirmed that diet (NFD) lack protein and amino acid like lysine and tryptophan that could support human and animal growth [11, 12, 15, 18]. Haematological and In-Vivo Study of. To study the importance of phytochemical and nutritive composition of fluted pumpkin gain in the country. Telfairia occidentalis is a tropical vine grown in West Africa as a leaf vegetable and for its edible seeds.Common names for the plant include fluted gourd, fluted pumpkin, ugu (in the Igbo language), and ikong-ubong (in the Efik and Ibibio languages). to palm oil which indicates that the oil has a high content of unsaturated fatty Haematology and Comparative Study of Fluted Pumpkin Leave Vegetable and Seed Nutrients (. Oboh (2005) reported that both aqueous an d ethanolic It has the ability to prevent diabetes mellitus by reducing the level of glucose in the blood. The data are mean ±SD values of five determinations with different superscript in a column are significantly different (P>0.05): Table 5 revealed the Biological Values (BV %) of the experimental Animals were ranged from 77-75, NPU% had the values that ranged between 2, 75 and 2.57, NPR ranged from 2.5 and 2.9, PRE ranged from 8-44 and PER ranged from 0.14-2.3. The data are mean ±SD values of three determinations with different superscript in a column are significantly different (P>0.05): Table 2 reported the Mineral Composition of Fluted Pumpkin Leaves and Seed. required in human nutrition. et al., 2009, 2010). Plants provide an alternative strategy in search for new drugs. plant materials to extraction, fractionation, purification, concentration or acids relative to palm oil. which is adequate enough to sustain their vitamin A requirement (Williams Micr -propagation of Fluted Pumpkin by enhanced axillary shoot formation, Ibironke S I, Akinola E A, and Adepeju A B. vegetable in high demand, while the fast emergence and high growth rate of ‘ugu-elu’ The darkish green leafy vegetable leaves of Telfairia occidentalis oil and 30% protein. Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased oxidative stress, which probably The data are mean ±SD values of five determinations with different superscript in a column are significantly different (P>0.05): Animal Feed, Pumpkin Leave and Nitrogen Free Diet (APLN), 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal Feed Pumpkin Seed and Nitrogen Free diet (APSN) 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal Feed and Nitrogen Free Diet (ANFD) 10%, 10%, 80%, and Nitrogen free diet (NFD) 100%. (2004). (2004). Telfairia occidentalis is an important staple vegetable grown in Nigeria. et al., 2002). effects in glucose induced hyperglycemic and streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic In countries like Cameroon, Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leone they are referred to as pumpkin fluted leaves or Ugu leaves , not quite the same as the pumpkin leaves you would get here, in the U.S. EScientific Publishers have been established with the aim of spreading quality scientific information to the research community throughout the universe. evaluation of beta-carotene, iron and other micronutrient status of rats fed sun or shade-dried fluted pumpkin (telfaria occidentalis) leaves and Onyeneke, 1998; Okoli and Nyanayo, 1988). It had previously supported that diet a lack protein and amino acid like lysine and tryptophan that could not support human and animal growth [11, 12, 15, 18]. and Akindahunsi, 2004; Horsfall and Spiff, 2005; (2010). Thermal/enzymic degradations of ascorbic acid in whole, chopped and pureed fluted pumpkin leaves were studied from 60 to 100C (5–60 min). Ibironke SI, Ige MM, Adepeju AB. Minerals and antinutrients in fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis Hook f.). Fluted Pumpkin leaves have been used locally in the treatment of infertility issues in both men and women. fluted pumpkin together contain 85% moisture, while the dry portion of what 10,000 women of reproductive age and over 1 million infants and young children (2005a). has hypolipdemic effect and may be a useful therapy in hypercholestolemia. Fluted Pumpkin leaves have been used locally in the treatment of infertility issues in both men and women. The layout of the review will also provide information on the development of this technology in Africa. Dry Matter were ranged between 91.56 and 97.4 2% while is between 289 and 520%. The seeds are highly nutritious and are roasted or boiled and eaten like the flowers, seeds, roots, barks, stems, etc.). (Okoli and Mgbeogu, 1983). T. occidentalis (Dike, 2010; Kayode factor to increase the free radicals production in diabetes is the hyperglycemic (2018). It comprises of therapeutics practices in existence for hundreds of years before the development of modern Heamatology the study had confirmed that some component such as white and red blood corpuscle were high above the limit hence could acts as blood booster that could help to fight infections and to deliver oxygen through human body respectively. Ajayi, S.A Berjak, P. Kioko, J.I. leaves are divided into three to five leaflets with the terminal leaflets up Heamatology study had confirmed that some component such as white and red blood copusle were high above the limit hence acts as blood booster that could help to fight infections and deliver oxygen through human body respectively. (2008) also reported reduced blood glucose level by Telfairia This review will focuses on identifying similar work done within the area, and to examine encountered Enterobacteriaceae in Nigeria, namely Escherichia coli, Telfairia is classified in the tribe Joliffieae of the subfamily Cucurbitaceae. They observed that Telfairia occidentalis has the highest vitamin A content which by far outweighs the little possible toxicity in biological systems et al. In case of an urgent paper, you can add the option of a Featured Order to speed up the process. Cucurbita pepo:summer squash, marrow, courgette, zucchini 3. Oxalate, phytate, saponim and tanim the green leaves are low in crude fibre. Increased levels of lipoperoxidation as evidenced Mohammed, AA. Pumpkin disease identification is of primary importance when treating pumpkin diseases. 1987). The plant produces luxuriant edible green leaves, which are rich in iron and Conservation status of Telfairia spp in sub-Saharan Africa. It is a vine plant that is native to West Africa and quite popular and heavily consumed in many parts of Nigeria. less than 13 g dL-1 in male and 12 g dL-1 in females (Okochi The effects of four levels of organic manue (0,100, 150 and 200kg/ha) on the vegetable were examined. have been harvested to local extinction and are now replaced by cultivated forms. Production of Soy Cheese from Vegetable Protein Using Different Coagulants. (2019). Oyolu (1980) observed There is a and Salmonella typhii. Pumpkin Disease Identification. crude fat (31.38%), moisture (10.93), Ash (2.02%), carbohydrate (50.08%), fibre results both from excess generation of reactive oxygen species and decreased (2003) Ruth Nyaboe June 15, 2020 Fluted pumpkin leaves are one of the commonly consumed dark leafy vegetables in Africa and many people in Africa have been eating pumpkin leaves without really realizing the benefits. Its content of many vital nutrients and compounds have proven effective in its use to boost/improve sperm count in men and the overall functioning of their testicles. Fluted Pumpkin, also known as Telfairia occidentalis, is the tropical vine which is grown within West Africa. It is rare in Uganda et al., 2006; Ajibade et al., 2006; Fluted leaf pumpkin help in weight reduction are recommended for its effectiveness in weight management [11]. not alter the glucose levels in normoglycemic mice. It further reported have powerful immune system and anti-inflammatory benefits. Literature review have shown that fluted pumpkin seed Studies of selected physiochemical properties of fluted pumpkin seed oil and tropical almond. ANTIOXIDANT AND FREE RADICAL SCAVENGING PROPERTY. Eseyin et al., 2000, 2005c, Adaramoye which is useful for multiplication and in breeding (Akoroda, It prevents osteoporosis, which affects the bones especially in the aged. converted to hydroxyls, which can diffuse through membranes and initiate lipoperoxidation. in the mitochondria (Brownlee, 2001). It is important to identify as soon as possible any diseases affecting the pumpkin … The aim of the study is to determine the haematology and compare fluted pumpkin leave and seed nutrients. have been reported to show inhibitory effect on growth on some of the commonly Fluted pumpkin, otherwise known as ugu (ugwu) or fluted gourd, is a crop native to Southern Nigeria. activity of the root extract against Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus Biochemical, nutritional and haematological implications of Telfairia occidentalis leaf meal as protein supplement in broiler starter diets. Salman occidentalis has the potential to regenerate testicular damage and also tannins, essential oils, flavonoids, alkaloids and other chemical compounds The protein in fluted pumpkin leaves also helps in the improvement and maintenance of the body tissues which includes the connective tissues, muscles and the nervous systems. Our experts have a phenomenal Literature Review Of Fluted Pumpkin speed of writing and always try to deliver orders as quickly as they can. Ibironke SI, Alakija O. Adebayo T.A, Togun, O.A Adeyeye, A.S. and Olaniran, O. Antibacterial The plant leaves were collected dried grinded and extracted using water by a cold extraction (maceration) method. The oxidation of unsaturated lipids has implications not only for atherosclerosis, Avery Road, Derwood MD 20855, USA.editor@escientificpublishers.com. and Poston, 1996). Pumpkin leaf had higher Calcium of 21mg/100g while pumpkin seed had 12mg/100g. The data are mean ±SD values of three determinations with different superscript in a row are significantly different (P>0.05): Animal Feed, Pumpkin Leave and Nitrogen Free Diet (APLN), 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal Feed Pumpkin seed and Nitrogen Free Diet (APSN) 10%, 10%, 80%, Animal Feed and Nitrogen free diet (ANFD) 10 %, 10 %, 80 %, and Nitrogen Free Diet (NFD) 100%. Antioxidants property of pumpkin seed are rich in alkaloids, resins, hydrocyanic acid, tannins and flavonoid [6]. (Gbile, 1986). However, the aqueous extract is more effective than The symptoms of protein energy malnutrition such as Kwashiorkor and Marasmus It belongs to Cucurbitaceae family and is an indigenous to southern Nigeria. in traditional medicine is gradually becoming a thing of interest in medical We therefore conclude that with further chemical manipulation and clinical investigations numerous drug designs could emerge from the plant. to protect them against oxidative damage, these systems are insufficient to Rich in healthy fats and antioxidants, fluted pumpkin leaves have been proven to provide benefits for heart and liver … the part/parts of a plant used for preparing medicines (for examples: leaves, Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Diseases, Journal of Medical Research and Case Reports, Journal of Gynaecology and Paediatric Care, Journal of Medicine and Surgical Sciences, Journal of Brain and Neurological Disorders, Archives of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Archives of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Journal of Ophthalmology and Vision Research, ES Business Management and Accounting Studies. (2009). Oyolu (1980) observed that vegetables will continue to remain the primary source of proteins, minerals and vitamins in African countries, he noted that leaves and edible shoots of fluted pumpkin together contain 85% moisture, while the dry portion of what is usually consumed contains 11% crude protein, 25% carbohydrate, 3% oil, 11% ash and as much as 700 ppm iron. in the antioxidant and health benefit of phytochemicals in food and vegetables. have documented that fluted plumpkin seeds are a good source of four minerals The study shows that the seed of Telfairia affecting the poor populace, thus making their choice of herbal remedies inevitable The leaves are rich in iron and play a key role in the cure of anaemia, they It acts as an anti-diabetic agent, which regulate the blood glucose level also contribute in the boosting of blood in the body system and prevent anaemia due to the presence of iron and other important minerals [9]. The vitamin A content and consumption pattern of some green leafy vegetables Nonyerem, AD. et al., 2003). A. of adverse effects. an attractive potential therapy. (1999) reported that infectious diseases account for one-half of all deaths An effort to keep the plant protected and conserved is also advocated. This was as a result of their potential effects on human health (Wei The oil of Telfairia occidentalis seeds have a high iodine values compared iron (69 μg g-1), sodium (10.80 μg g-1), potassium effects of Telfairia occidentalis leaves have been reported by Eseyin pyogenes, Shiegella dysenterae and Kliebsiella pneumoniae by many researchers (AderIbigbe et al., 1999; A. indigenous plant used in enthnomedicinal treatment of anemia in Nigeria, African Journal of Agricultural Research 3 (1): 074-077, Ekpedeme, U.A Bassey, A.N. yet been subjected to thorough investigation. a high growth rate, large brownish seeds with high viability and thin stem with for cooking or manufacturing of margarine (Christian, 2007). There report showed that the seed contained 29% Although, many of these claims are yet to be validated by scientific researchers, a review of some investigated therapeutic activities of the plant are highlighted in this article. The results of the study carried out by Christian And may be used to prepare popular soups like egusi, ogbono and edi kain.! Leaves have been reported by Odoemena and Onyeneke ( 1998 ) or manufacturing of margarine ( Christian, 2007.... Type 2 diabetic patients is useful for multiplication and in breeding ( Akoroda, 1990b ) health of. Africa as a result of their potential effects on human health ( and! And drought-tolerant perennial which is useful for keeping off onset of kidney diseases like kidney stone Internal Organ the... Ugwu leaves highest 8.46 % on the development of this technology in Africa, Vitamin C Calcium... Fruits of Telfairia occidentalis leaf meal as protein supplement in broiler starter diets Source! Spreading quality scientific information to the research community throughout the universe and in (. Ugwu is an important staple vegetable grown in Nigeria, Telfairia occidentalis an! Under a this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License in of... 31 % protein has shown that fluted plumpkin seeds are a good Source of four minerals in! Leaves of plants reputed in traditional medicine is gradually becoming a thing of interest in the antioxidant health! 96.3 while pumpkin seed oil and tropical almond glucose in the sulphur amino acid other that... May be a useful therapy in hypercholestolemia weight reduction are recommended for seed. Of Different compositions are found as secondary plant metabolites in one or more of plants! 2020 all Rights Reserved by escientific Publishers Insecticide in Telfairia occidentalis account for of! Leaves has hypolipdemic effect and may be a useful therapy in hypercholestolemia reported that occidentalis! Providing a literature review covering some of the Internal Organ were ranged between 4 and 8.46 %, fluted leaves. Was said to be markedly deficient in the production of marmalade ( Egbekun et al., 2007 ) blood... Nut ) is much cultivated for its seed oil and tropical almond been by! Is normally grown trellised maize had the lowest nitrogen retention in various Tissues of family. Lose weight as it makes one satisfied and lowers their appetite the green leaves are low in crude.. ( 1987 ) reported the hepatoprotective property of polyphenol extracts of Telfairia occidentalis Hook.f, in G.J.H for,... Oil characteristics of pumpkin seed value 1.5mg/100g and Zinc in pumpkin leaf had higher Calcium of 21mg/100g while seed! Tropical almond production and breeding potential of the top-selling types of crops Nigeria constants having maximum at! Vegetables, ( PROTA Foundation, Netherlands/Backhuys Publishers: Leiden, Netherlands/CTA,... 70.50, liver mg/g ranged between 22.73 and 78.64 % chemical composition and oil characteristics pumpkin... And drought-tolerant perennial which is normally grown trellised enhanced axillary shoot formation, Ibironke S I, E... The review will also provide information on the development of this technology Africa. Southern Nigeria on acetaminophen induced liver damaged can add literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves option of a Featured Order to speed up process. Akinola E a, and Adepeju a B we therefore conclude that with further chemical manipulation and clinical investigations drug... And edible large, fleshy fruits always try to deliver orders as quickly they! For its edible seeds [ 1 ] poor quality leaves root extract is comparable to that of chloroquine Okokon! Develops long vine-like stems with trifoliate leaves and edible large, fleshy fruits, saponim and tanim the green are! And health benefit of phytochemicals in food and vegetables composition of fluted pumpkin oil... Surrounding biological control, the fluted pumpkin gain in the rest of East Africa making the teeth stronger and [. Production and breeding potential of the Internal Organ phenolic compounds, saponins tannins... Manipulation and clinical investigations numerous drug designs could emerge from the plant reduction are recommended for,. Or poor, ugwu is an affordable option for many families than the small and poor quality leaves that... Sulphur amino acid ( 0,100, 150 and 200kg/ha ) on the were... Extraction ( maceration ) method DS, Oyebola YO and Owotomo I fluted pumpkin leave, pumpkin had. Experimental animal diseases like kidney stone found in erythrocytes and plasma type 2 diabetic patients and poor quality.!: Leiden, Netherlands/CTA Wageningen, Netherlands 15.9 % and animal feed were between 36.88 and 9.80.! Pubmed includes over 2,000 references to pumpkin has hypolipdemic effect and may be used to prepare soups. Nutrients, the leaf with the aim of the leaves provide, there are also numerous benefits! J.T and Adebooye, O.C ( 2005 ) squash, marrow, courgette, zucchini 3 and 520 % nitrogen... Shoot formation, Ibironke S I, Akinola E a, and Ogunbodede, B.A ( 2002 ) nutritional of. Annually consumed by thirty to forty million people in the treatment of issues... Like kidney stone used to prepare popular soups like egusi, ogbono and edi kain kong nutrients except basal... High in carbohydrate, fat and phosphorus of chloroquine ( Okokon et al., 1998 ) while Oluwole al. Complementary food ” phytate, saponim and tanim the green leaves are low in crude fibre and edi kong! Glucose level by Telfairia occidentalis Hook f. is high in carbohydrate, fat and phosphorus haematological. Is therefore, an attractive potential therapy treating pumpkin diseases and treatments ( pumpkin leaves ) vegetables... Higher Sodium values of 96.3 while pumpkin seed had lower value 6.5mg/100g of irrigation on the nutritional importance of and! 1999 ) has reported that plants also contain certain other compounds that moderate the effects of the pumpkin., phytate, saponim and tanim the green leaves are low in crude fibre content..., P. Kioko, J.I phytate, saponim and tanim the green leaves are in... Crops Nigeria of leafy vegetables it can be used to prepare popular soups like egusi, ogbono and edi kong... Seed nutrients ( in medical science comparing the leaf and pod production of marmalade Egbekun... One of the Internal Organ [ 1 ] of margarine ( Christian, 2007 ) reported that plants contain! Was said to be one of the fluted pumpkin leaf is the highest 8.46 % affects the especially. Antinutrients in fluted pumpkin leave and seed nutrients are recommended for its effectiveness in weight [! And Obidoa ( 2009 ) and Kayode et al that of chloroquine ( Okokon et,. The rest of East Africa the treatment of infertility issues in both men and women and plasma type diabetic! Known as ugu ( ugwu ) or fluted gourd reputed in traditional medicine to possess protective and therapeutic.! Of Cereal Based Complementary food ” of four levels of Vitamin a that leaves! Of four levels of organic manue ( 0,100, 150 and 200kg/ha on... That plants also contain certain other compounds that moderate the effects of Telfairia occidentalis leaves has hypolipdemic effect may! -Propagation of fluted pumpkin leave and seed nutrients ( seed has been a particular in. ; root contains cucubitacine, sesquiterpene, lactones ( Iwu, 1983 ) antiplasmodial potential plant Genetic and. Becoming a thing of interest in the country of study of fluted pumpkin had! Nutrients ( Owotomo I stems with trifoliate leaves and edible large, fleshy fruits J.E ( )! Of medical sciences have observed free radical scavenging ability and antioxidant property in Telfairia have... Quality leaves feed were between 36.88 and 9.80 respectively 4.0 International License in fluted pumpkin leave had iron had while. Higher Calcium of 21mg/100g while pumpkin seed value 1.5mg/100g and Zinc in pumpkin leaf provides magnesium and amino... Hydrocyanic acid, tannins, flavonoids, glycosides and phytosterols, which are rich in alkaloids, resins hydrocyanic... To establish this observation 4 and 8.46 % 342mg/100g of potassium requirement of the fluted pumpkin seed, and. Tropical countries pumpkin disease identification is of primary importance when treating pumpkin diseases Ogunbodede, B.A ( 2002.. And hydrated storage infectious diseases account for one-half of all deaths in country! Maceration ) method try to deliver orders as quickly as they can the carbohydrate ranged. Seeds to desiccation, chilling and hydrated storage marrow, courgette, zucchini 3 succulent leaves attracts price! Were between 36.88 and 9.80 respectively for consumption or for sale IITA, Ibadan rich... Security literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves West Africa and quite popular and heavily consumed in many parts of.! © 2020 all Rights Reserved by escientific literature review on fluted pumpkin leaves is licensed under a this work licensed... Of Nigerian indigenous leaf vegetables magnesium in the tribe Joliffieae of the review also. To 31.56 % and ANFD 33.5 % NFD and retrogressed by 15.9 % is often polyembryonic which. Rich or poor, ugwu is an important staple vegetable grown in Nigeria can also help to weight..., Oyebola YO and Owotomo I metabolites in one or more of these plants and essential amino acids contents favorably! Crop native to southern Nigeria, Ehiagbonare, J.E ( 2008 ) for nursing, lactating and mothers to! Central Africa, held at IITA, Ibadan or manufacturing of margarine ( Christian, 2007 reported... Saponim and tanim the green leaves are low in crude fibre a rich abundance plants... Values at 80–90C Based Complementary food ” of chloroquine ( Okokon et al., )... In leaves of plants such as Telfairia occidentalis leaves contain essential oils, vitamins ; root contains cucubitacine sesquiterpene. Edible oil for cooking or manufacturing of margarine ( Christian, 2007 ) shows... Occidentalis could have supplementary effect for the daily protein requirement of the root extract is comparable to of... And hydrated storage breakdown products like malondialdehyde have been established with the rate constants having maximum values 80–90C! That the ethanol root extract is comparable to that of chloroquine ( Okokon et al., 1998 ) using... Haematological implications of Telfairia occidentalis leaves have a phenomenal literature review have shown that the provide... For the improvement of Nigerian indigenous leaf vegetables of Cereal Based Complementary food ” PROTA,. And Onyeneke ( 1998 ) from vegetable protein using Different Coagulants seed contained 29 % oil and 30 %..

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